When it comes to a diagnosis of Mesothelioma cancer, forms of mesothelioma surgery and treatment to be pursued is one of the first topics that will be discussed with the oncologist. Available options of treatment for the patient may vary from case to case depending on the type of cancer afflicting the patient and the stage to which the cancer has progressed at the time of the diagnosis. Mesothelioma, however, has proven to be a very aggressive and serious form of cancer, thus limiting the treatment options. Once a mesothelioma cancer patient has been presented with all the treatment options available, it is likely that surgery will be recommended. This form of cancer is not limited to one form of mesothelioma surgery. There are different types of surgeries that may be conducted, some with the intent to cure and others with the intent of easing the symptoms of the disease. With most cases of Mesothelioma, the nature of the cancer and late diagnosis renders a surgical cure an unlikely option. However, mesothelioma surgery is very vital and in some cases, it may be suggested in conjunction with another form of treatment such as chemotherapy and radiation so as to remove as much of the cancer as possible.
Ideally, a candidate for Mesothelioma surgery would be one whose cancer is at its early stages and the tumor is still localized, before metastasis occurs. In addition, for this surgery to be successful, the patient has to be in good health, so that nothing complicates his or her recovery period. Extant medical issues such as diabetes, hypertension and heart disease often cause issue with mesothelioma patients. If the doctor determines that the patient is strong enough to undergo mesothelioma surgery, then he or she may authorize a mesothelioma pleurectomy surgery . This is a radical mesothelioma pleurectomy surgery that involves removing a diseased lung. Candidates who undergo this form of surgery usually have mesothelioma limited to just one of their lungs. In this surgical procedure, the lung is deflated and then removed through a large incision.
On rare occasions, the surgical procedure may involve removing the lung that has been affected as well as all the areas that surround it. This surgery is quite risky and carries with it a long list of possible complications such as serious gastrointestinal problems and heart failure. There are other mesothelioma surgeries that are not for curative purposes but just to relieve the patient of some symptoms such as pain. One of these such procedures is Pleurocentesis. This is a procedure whose aim is to address pleural effusion, a condition that leads to the build-up of fluids in the pleural area that surrounds the lungs. In this procedure, a long thin needle is inserted into the pleural space to draw out the fluid. Once the procedure is over, the patient can return home in a few hours, so long as the doctor is satisfied that there are no adverse reactions. If the fluid has collected in the abdominal area on the other hand, a different procedure, referred to as Paracentesis is conducted.